Photos by: Produções Fixe

Photos by: Produções Fixe

Vila Da Marmeleira

The Rural Centre of Non Formal Education


 by Ana Rita Camará and Jo Claeys 



Can I visit this Rural Centre? You’re more than welcome. Be aware it’s merely a village. A unique village, just as all other villages. The Rural Centre of Non Formal Education is not an impressive building, neither a modern educational infrastructure. It’s simply a concept, it’s even ... a simple concept.

The Rural Centre is an attempt to involve and include an entire community in learning and teaching together, by using mostly youth work and non-formal education (NFE) as an inspiring driver to contribute to a better living together.

 Does that village even exist?

Vila da Marmeleira (Portugal) is a small, modest village with about 350 habitants at most. It is isolated on a hill, at a distance of 15 km from any nearby provincial town and city. With a rich historical background, the village used to be an important central point in the surrounding region. Nowadays, with the glory gone, the result is many empty buildings, a big patrimony and a mountain of nostalgic memories.

We both live in this village, a joyful merging of two people with very different backgrounds and life stories. Different nationalities, cultural habits, experiences, etc. Yet, more in common. The concrete belief in our human capacity to contribute to a better life for all. Not simply for the people around us, but for us and our two kids included. Both of us are very much engaged in social entrepreneurship, fighting for dignity, value-based living and (non-formal) education as such. A local analysis we made in September 2010 highlighted demotivation, vandalism, apathy, competition for “little or nothing”, increasing unemployment, school dropout, desertification, etc. This came as no surprise, such aspects being very recognisable in many communities, regardless of urban or rural context.


 What makes it a rural centre for NFE?

 We want to do something like that too, can we?”
Miguel Martins (13 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

A luxurious excess of infrastructure and housing possibilities; access to youth mobility projects; a long-term vision and patience; the exciting challenge of turning seemingly weak aspects into strong elements. All excellent ingredients for interesting educational cooking. Since 2010, an impressive sequence of Portuguese and international youth groups have increased the population of the village for a week at a time. They are independently hosted with small groups in a bunch of abandoned, yet fully equipped “Portuguese houses”, working and playing in different public spaces, educational dinners with local families, transforming abandoned public areas into green spaces, a variety of evening events open for and with all. Basically, you become an active inhabitant for a week. It becomes an immersive mutual learning experience for the extended village.


 We’re not the solution

The creation of the Rural Centre is a reflection of our striving for coherence between our “talk and walk”. With all its successes, and probably more important, its failures. As educators, parents, citizens and so many other roles, we cannot simply sit aside and accept. Snowball effects start with a small but planned action. It has, however, surprised us greatly how simply giving, supporting and building together seems to be “out of the box”, at least in the European reality we find ourselves in.

 It was too good. We all grew in everything.
Mariana Figueiredo (20 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

“There must be a hidden agenda” is an embedded suspicion we all seem to have grown up with. A stubborn consistency in being transparent has been the only efficient answer. We cannot change the world, but being a little snowball on a chosen hill is well possible for most of us. Even with the intention of fighting current tendencies to radicalisation and extremism, we are very well aware we are not the solution. Simply an element of a possible common movement. From local to global. It all starts with ourselves, at home. It comes down to a personal choice.


 Cut the chicken wings ... or not

 It has been a walk which marked us forever.
Vera Leitão (21 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

Contrary to cutting the wings of chickens and ducks to avoid them flying away, we opted for reinforcing the wings of young people in the village. And yes, we have experienced – sometimes quite unexpectedly – young people leaving the village due to international mobility projects. And that is good. The young people who will eventually come back, come with an enriched and different mindset, and our wish is that they will embrace the forgotten or ignored beauties of simplicity in the village. Keeping young people nearby and locked away is counterproductive. Staying in the same place too long dilutes the view. Beauties become normality. Opportunities become standard. It’s a straight ticket to one of the most dangerous sentences: “It has always been like that.”

A fact: some parents do not always fully appreciate opening such windows for their children.

Young people are not the future, but they can be. Equip them with the needed tools and create the environment for them to flourish. We look the same way to communities, and especially the community we live in.

We aim to attract new young people and couples to build their life in the village. The common desire for feeling at home and integrated results in increased participation.


 Sustainable ... HA, HA, HA!

 I love it. It’s a good investment for the village and there should be more.
Rosa Maria Peça (72 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

It’s not meant to be sustainable. Using youth work and international mobility projects as tools is exactly what it means. They are instruments contributing to a bigger picture. When working the field, there are different moments, for different processes. This is the same. We don’t “do” international mobility projects, we “use” them.

After hosting many groups over the past years, the real learning potential with such activities has decreased. This is especially the case for our village. To continue frequently hosting groups at the Rural Centre would eventually become counterproductive. The financial (significantly beneficial!) impact would overtake the initial intention. Authenticity and learning swapped for a qualitative experience provision, long-term planning for short-term vision, quality for quantity. We decided consciously to stop, reassess needs, adapt and act. When a tool has done its main job and purpose, other tools become more relevant. Now, it’s time to harvest and plan(t) the next crops, together.


 Non-formal education is serious business

 I liked it very much, it’s very good.
Ana Maria Ferreira (65 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

We do not play games. We do not simply party together. No, it’s not a late flower power movement. By involving the wider community through the different roles of both being a learner and a teacher, recognition for NFE increased. The hosting projects have demystified our educational sector at local and regional level. Results became more measurable and tangible: increased employment in the village, English language at ease, increased movement, different attitudes.


 Principles, pitfalls ... or maybe tips

No self-glorification. This is not the place, neither the context. We have kept ourselves in the background. And even though politics is very important, we do not belong to any political party, neither are we board members of any of the three local associations. No self-glorification, no conflict of interest, no hidden agenda. We have experienced that such a position has greatly reduced resistance to the changes we promoted. It remains surprising how modesty has the potential for great power. Try it. In history, some have done so before, and actually with great success.

Branding the village name. In order to increase common ownership and to support community feeling. A systematic branding of the village itself speeds up the building of a needed critical mass. When everyone receives a bit of ownership, the building of something different increasingly happens together. Attention is focused on the common good, not on individual gain. Much work (e.g. creating media coverage) is not part of your task list any more, it’s gladly taken over by others, who are probably even better placed to do so.

A constant win-win strive. Everyone is good at something, everyone is sensitive to something. Involving a maximum number of stakeholders and focusing on what they aim for. A steady small gain over the long term, not a fast one-time shot. Focusing on different levels of gaining: educational, cultural, financial, social and emotional.


No favours. At future times, they are always collected, and this with an undesired additional cost. If there is a clear win-win situation for all, favours become obsolete ... they become actions of common sense and interest.

Transform competition. What other people can do, there is no need to copy this. Aiming for complementarity, even if short term, seems more expensive. For example, outsourcing breakfast and coffee breaks to the local café is indeed much more expensive than organising this yourself. But that’s exactly the main idea. Creating a supportive structure and habit where each person is validated in their area of expertise.

Expect resistance. Every action creates reaction. And that is good. Resistance forces us to re-question the permanent and strengthen our planned intentions. We hope you also get resistance.

 I loved it so much and I believe it’s very good to have this dynamic. My son went to France due to these projects and ... I would love that he comes back.
Maria José Leitão (57 years) – Vila da Marmeleira

Different layers. Involving from the start different generations, different stakeholders and decision makers across social layers. A community movement, together, and not a struggle of a particular identified group. It troubles possible resistance, once it becomes harder to label and categorise what the movement is and stands for. It’s pro-reacting against the annoying, yet effective, concept of divide and rule.

Dependency. We got confronted with the fact that our will to act was transforming slowly into our duty to perform. We experienced an increasing passivity fed by our own growing activism. One balances out the other. A mistake based upon enthusiasm and running too fast. Creating empty timeslots allows other people to take action. Creating dependency (e.g. culturally, economically) would be a mistake when working on the empowerment process of a community. Silence is as important as noise.

 I used to say that in Vila de Marmeleira, even if people are not able to say exactly what non-formal education is, at least, they take it very seriously because of all those impacts in their life!
Denis Morel (45 years), non-formal educator – France

Who says that? The power of questioning ourselves and everything around us. It has led to lovely surprising effects and actions. Fantastic new dimensions opened up by simply questioning the obvious and standard. For us, every day is carnival. Because ... it simply can be. There is no rule against this, only a traditional automated format of the norm. Feeding critical thinking ... scary, enriching and surprising. We now have in our village a “League of the Bald”, organising simple non-profit activities for all who want them. To be part of this: “Everyone is bald somewhere”.


 Impact ... E ...

Using these youth mobility projects have opened doors to a variety of topics which were partly unknown, taboo or simply previously not accepted. It allowed us to approach in a constructive manner LGTBQI+, racism, vegetarian and vegan, and ... non-formal education as such.

At the start, we had no real impact indicators set. Even today, we still struggle defining and measuring them. The number of people experiencing the Rural Centre is basic (impressive graphics are easy, we’ve got them too ...).

Somehow, it all came down to following what simply makes common sense, is as inclusive as possible and constructive in the long term.

Our prior concern goes to this. Less to mapping. Most probably a fragile aspect towards the future when it comes to possible other funders. But then again ... we’re in this for something else. To support a transformation process towards a bigger mutually supportive community, of which we are part.


 Highlights of now

As with every community project aiming to become fully self-sustainable, there also needs to be a conscious empowerment process of the project itself. Over the past years, a production unit has been set up which now develops, designs and, most important, produces educational tools based upon upcycling principles. All educational elements are locally built, by hand and acquired machinery, using local resources. The aim: to create new employability at local level and to contribute to an internal village sustainability. But still with the beauty of simplicity and the desire for imperfections.

 Not only the professionalism of the organisers (practicalities as well as facilitating skills and competences), but especially a real contact with the local population and youth, and a very concrete experience of what an international project can mean for these people and can have as impact, but also how this local population can interact and be useful and highly beneficial for the activity and the participants themselves.
For as far as we know, this is quite unique.”
Thierry Dufour (54 years), Bureau International Jeunesse – Belgium

Parallel local participative projects such as UniArt are completing the picture. Eleven urban murals created together with the population are part of a regained dignity process. An entertaining movement of The League of the Bald remains active and new young families have moved in.


 COVID-19: shaken, not stirred ... please

And the COVID-19 impact ... well ... it has been a serious test of our own sustainability as a fragile community project where profits are invested in social gain. We have been seriously shaken, but still stand. Let the next challenge come.

Many ideas are on the list. The creation of a community garden, the use of the “time bank principle”, a place for the exchange of vegetables, a second-hand space, an internal re- and upcycling point, etc.

We also invite you to embrace the following familiar sentence: “If you believe that an individual cannot make a difference, spend just one night with a mosquito.”

So for now, we continue, while waiting for the next generation of young people to grow their wings, our children included ...


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Partnership between the European Commission and the Council of Europe in the field of youth
c/o Council of Europe / Directorate of Democratic Citizenship and Participation Youth Department / F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France
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