School curriculum and teaching controversial issues – developing effective practices for teaching and learning approaches

Implementing organisation

Institute for Human Rights (IHR), North Macedonia


Resource/publication to be used

Managing controversy


Overall objective

 Contribute to the strengthening of democracy in schools through the build-up of teachers’ confidence and competences to effectively teach controversial issues.


Specific objectives

 Raise education stakeholders and students’ awareness on the importance of providing opportunities for student to engage with controversial issues.

 Empower teachers and education professionals to use a range of teaching and learning approaches to teach controversial issues.



  • A capacity building training module for teaching controversial issues was developed and delivered in follow-up workshops to school teams from 4 schools.
  • A Handbook for teachers with good practices on methods and approaches for teaching controversial issues in primary and secondary schools was developed.
  • An Online course on dealing with controversial issues was designed and made available in Macedonian and Albanian.
  • A final event to present successful practices, promote the new approaches, obtain feedback from participants, and discuss the sustainability of the project was held.

New handbook for teachers

Cover page of the handbook

Methods and approaches for teaching controversial issues in primary and secondary education

Download in Macedonian