In the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

Should you wish to contact the pool of experts, please email the PSS Secretariat

Marianne CENSE

Senior Researcher, Rutgers, (NGO working on Sexual and reproductive health and rights), Netherlands

 

I am a qualitative researcher in the field of sexuality and sexual abuse working for the Dutch NGO Rutgers. We conduct practice-based research, develop education materials and campaigns and advocate for sexual health and rights, and prevention of sexual violence. At the moment, I am finishing our study on how sport organisations work on prevention of sexual abuse/harassment and how they promote the sexual integrity of coaches and other adults involved. Sport is one of my fields of interest. I have also conducted studies on sexual coercion amongst youth, sexual victimisation of transgender people, teenage pregnancies, sexual discourses among ethnic minority youth and bicultural LGBT youth.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Study on current situation of policies and practices on the prevention of sexual abuse and harassment in sport organisations in the Netherland, including recommendations for the future (to be published in 2018)
  • Study on risk factors for sexual abuse and harassment in sport, and diverse presentations and publications on the subject

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Webpage of a serious game on sexual negotiations and sexual boundaries for youth I developed in cooperation with a game developer: www.canyoufixit.nl

Rosa DIKETMUELLER

Assistant Professor, University of Vienna, Institute for Sport Science, Austria

 


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Scientific work
    • Publications in the field of sexual and gender based violence since 1998
    • EC (2016). Study on gender-based violence in Sport – Final report (Part: Austrian data) https://ec.europa.eu/sport/sites/sport/files/gender-based-violence-sport-study-2016_en.pdf
    • “Call4Girls”, “Call4Boys” – Combatting sexual violence in sports clubs in Austria (2006, 2008 – 2011, 2012): project evaluation
    • EU project VOICE – Hearing the voices of those who are affected (2016-2018)
  • Teaching & implementing structures to implement the issue of gender-based and sexual violence in sport
    • Implementing the issue of gender-based violence in the curriculum for students in sport science and physical education (obligatory subject: “Gender-sensitive teaching and coaching”)
    • Developing and implementing the module “Gender issues in coaching” in the Austrian Coach Academy (subject is obligatory for all coaches
    • scientific advisor and member of the Working Group “Gender Equality in Coaching”)
    • Teaching in the Coach Academy the subject “Gender issues in sport” (including the issue of gender-based violence in sport)
  • Policies
    • Development of a National Action Plan on “Gender Equality in Austrian Sport 2014-2020” (Scientific Advisor, Member of the Steering Group)
    • Development of the National Action Plan (2015) on “Fight against gender-based  and sexual violence in sport” (Leader of the Working group)
  • Implementation of measures of the Natl. Action Plan
    • Development of the educational structure and material “Train the trainers in “Sexual violence in and through sport”
    • Development and Production of educational material and brochures for coaches and officials: Diketmüller et al. (Eds.). (2017) “Mit Respekt und Sicherheit”   http://www.100sport.at/de/fuer-respekt-und-sicherheit/broschuere

Kari FASTING

Professor Emerita – expert consultant, Norwegian School of Sport Science and Equal Rights in Sport, Norway

Member of the PSS+ expert group

 

My main research area over the last 20 years has been different aspects of "sexual harassment and abuse in sport”. In this area, I have worked on projects financed by the Norwegian Olympic Committee and the Czech Olympic Committee. I have also chaired a European project about the experiences of sexual harassment and abuse among sport students in Czech Republic, Greece, and Norway. I have also been involved with many projects related to gender equality in sport.

My latest empirical study in this area (2015) is a project contracted by the Norwegian Olympic Committee about the experiences of various forms of abuse and harassment among female and male coaches and athletes in Zambia.

I am still connected to the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences as professor emerita, but also have my own consultancy firm, "Equal Rights in Sports". My firm is chairing a project for the International Working Group on Women and Sport (IWG) monitoring the development of women and sport over the last four years. Preventive actions concerning gender-based violence is an important concern here. I was also involved in the development of a “Training Kit” for the Pro Safe Sport + project, and in developing a web platform (Erasmus + funding project from 2018, chaired by Spain).


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • 16 articles in refereed international journals in this area
  • 10 chapters in books + editor with Celia Brackenridge of one book
  • 7 reports
  • Expert consultant for the Norwegian Olympic Committee since 2008 ---on prevention of sexual harassment and abuse in sport, development of rules and materials
  • Expert consultant on developing a roadmap for Equality in Sport (EC) 2013-2014
  • Since 2006 expert consultant for the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on sexual harassment and abuse in sport
  • My research has been the basis for development of the two position statements of IOC (2007 and 2016), and the development of the inter-active educational material that has been developed, which also now are used at the youth Olympic Games
  • Founding member Safe Sport International (SSI), Women Sport International (WSI): http://sha.olympic.org

Zrinka GREBLO JURAKIC

Assistant professor, University of Zagreb, Department of Psychology, Croatia

Member of the PSS+ expert group

 

I work as Assistant professor at the Department of psychology, University of Zagreb, where I teach sport and exercise psychology, social psychology, motivation, and psychological measurement. My research interests focus on effects of sport and physical activity participation on psychological well-being. I am especially interested in children’s rights and violence prevention in youth sport. Currently I am leading a research project about antecedents, correlates and consequences of different coaching behaviours, including various forms of emotional and psychological abuse, physical maltreatment, sexual harassment and neglect. In addition, given that negative coaching behaviours are too often ignored, tolerated or even justified as a means to produce successful sport performance, I am very passionate in educating coaches and athletes, sports psychologists and other support personnel about the devastating effects of various types of abuse on athletes.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Recent research projects
    • “Effects of coaching behaviours on athletes' psychological well-being” (2017-2018, financially supported by University of Zagreb)
    • “The prevalence of violence and unsportsmanlike conduct among young football players in the City of Zagreb” (2015-2016, financially supported by Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sport)
    • “Determinants of psychosocial development of young athletes” (2015-2016, financially supported by University of Zagreb)
  • List of selected publications
    • Greblo Jurakić, Z. & Keresteš, G. (2017) Druga strana medalje: konstrukcija i metrijske karakteristike Upitnika negativnog ponašanja trenera. [The other side of the medal: Development and metric characteristics of Negative Coaching Behaviour Questionnaire]. Psychological Topics, 26,2, 377-396
    • Greblo, Z., Barić, R., & Cecić  Erpič, S. (2015) Perfectionistic Strivings and Perfectionistic Concerns in Athletes: The Role of Peer Motivational Climate, Current Psychology, 35(3), 370-376
    • Čišić, T. & Greblo, Z. (2013) Percepcija legitimnosti nesportskog ponašanja kod studentica i studenata Kineziološkog fakulteta. [Perceived legitimacy of unsportsmanlike behaviour among kinesiology students]. Napredak: časopis za pedagogijsku teoriju i praksu, 154(1-2), 167-184.
    • Greblo, Z., Gruić, I., Ohnjec, K., Segedi, I., & Pedišić, Ž. (2011) Konstrukcija upitnika za procjenu percipirane legitimnosti nesportskog ponašanja [Development of a Questionnaire for the Assessment of Perceived Legitimacy of Unsportsmanlike Behavior]. Journal for General Social Issues, 3(113), 771-792

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Mike HARTILL

Reader, Edge Hill University, UK

 

I am a Reader in the sociology of sport at Edge Hill University. This involves research as well as teaching of undergraduate and postgraduate students. My principal area of research is child sexual exploitation (CSE) in sport. My work has also focused on the implementation of child protection policy in sport. Following substantial research with male victims of CSE in sport, I recently initiated the EU-funded VOICE project which works with survivors of sexual abuse in sport to produce meaningful educational resources for the European sports community. I am also currently advising the British Football Association’s independent inquiry into sexual abuse in football.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport


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Melanie LANG

Senior Lecturer in child protection in sport, Edge Hill University, United Kingdom

 

I am a former elite youth athlete-turned coach and now sociologist and I lecture and research at a major UK university. My area of research expertise lies in the policy and practice of safeguarding and child protection in sport and children's rights in sport. I have delivered training workshops on child protection and safe practice in youth sport to sport policymakers, coaches, athletes and charitable organisations across the globe and regularly publish scientific journal articles and book chapters on these topics. I was the national expert for the UK and a core project team member on the European Commission-funded project ‘Gender-Based Violence in Sport’ (2016), and the UK arm of the European Commission-funded project ‘Sport Respects Your Rights’ (2012-2014). I am also editor the books 'Safeguarding, Child Protection and Abuse in Sport: International Perspectives in Research, Policy and Practice' (Routledge, 2015), and 'Bullying and the Abuse of Power' (Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2010).


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Member of the core project team and the UK national expert on the 2016 European Commission-funded project ‘Gender-based Violence in Sport’ – final report available here: https://ec.europa.eu/sport/sites/sport/files/gender-based-violence-sport-study-2016_en.pdf
  • Editor of the books ‘The International Handbook of Athlete Welfare’ (to be published by Routledge in 2019); ‘Safeguarding, Child Protection and Abuse in Sport: International Perspectives in Research, Policy and Practice’ (Routledge, 2015, see: https://www.routledge.com/Safeguarding-Child-Protection-and-Abuse-in-Sport-International-Perspectives/Lang-Hartill/p/book/9780415829793 and ‘Bullying and the Abuse of Power: From the Playground to International Relations (published in 2010 by Inter-Disciplinary Press)
  • Published numerous peer-reviewed scientific articles and book chapters on child protection policy and practice in international peer-reviewed journals:
    • Lang, M., Mergaert, L., Vertommen, T. & Arnaut, C. (forthcoming). Gender-based violence in EU sport policy: Overview and recommendations. Journal of Gender-Based Violence
    • Gleaves, T. & Lang, M. (2017) Kicking ‘no touch’ discourses into touch: Athletes’ parents’ constructions of appropriate (adult) coach-(child) athlete physical contact. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. 41 (3), pp. 191-211, see: https://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/8806/
    • Lang, M. & Pinder, S. (2016) Telling (Dangerous) Stories: A Narrative Account of a Youth Coaches’ Experience of an Unfounded Allegation of Child Abuse. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health. 9 (1), pp. 99-110. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2159676X.2016.1246469
    • Lang, M., Rulofs, B. & Hartill, M. (2016) Child abuse in sport: From research to policy and prevention. In: Smith, A. & Green, K. (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Youth Sport. London: Routledge
    • Lang, M. (2015) Touchy subject: A Foucauldian analysis of coaches’ perceptions of adult-child touch in youth swimming. Sociology of Sport Journal. 32 (1), pp. 4-21, see: http://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/abs/10.1123/ssj.2013-0083
  • Lead facilitator for the UK partnership delivery of Sport Respects Your Rights, an EC-funded project that aimed to challenge sexual and gender-based violence, exploitation and abuse through the empowerment of children and young people in and through sport, see: http://www.sportrespectsyourrightsuk.co.uk
  • Keynote speaker at the 2017 National Organisation for the Treatment of Abusers (NOTA) annual international conference (Title: Child Sexual Exploitation in Sport: Embedding Policy to Transform Practice)
  • Member of the Sport England/ NSPCC Child Protection in Sport Unit Research Evidence and Advisory Group in the UK, the government-based organisation responsible for building national sports organisations’ capacity for child protection
  • Delivered training workshops on child protection and safe practice in youth sport to sport policymakers, coaches, athletes and charitable organisations from the UK, China, Japan and Ghana

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www.edgehill.ac.uk

Montserrat MARTIN

Lecturer in sport sociology, University of Vic – University of Central Catalonia, Spain

 

I am a sport sociologist and qualitative methodology lecturer in Sports Sciences studies at the University of Vic. I did my PhD at Brunel University, UK, with Professor Jennifer Hargreaves and Pirkko Markula as supervisors. My PhD was a sociological study of gender and sport.

I have done several studies on gender and sport and conducted the first study in Spain on the sexual harassment of women in sport in 2010. In 2012, I was asked to be part of a 'Preparatory Action in the field of Sport’ regarding the prevention of sexualized violence in sports.

Since then I have been mixing both fields of research: sexual violence towards children in sport; and gender and sport including gender-based violence in sport.

I am currently starting as a supervisor of a PhD on analysing sexual violence in sport.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Partner in the European Project: VOICE-Voice for truth & dignity: Combatting sexualized violence in European sport through the voices of those affected, granted by the Education, Audiovisual, Culture Executive Agency, European Commission (EACEA). Main Researcher: Dr. Bettina Rulofs Cologne Sport University-Germany. (January 2016 - June 2018). http://voicesfortruthanddignity.eu
  • Production of an educational materials on preventing and identifying sexual violence towards children in sport (for the High Catalan Sport Council, 2014-2015).
  • Educational programme for the sport coaches in the clubs on detection and prevention of sexual violence in sport (June 2016 - December 2017)
  • Participation in the Study on gender-bases violence in sport with regard to the country Spain, Yellow Window (Belgium) granted by the Education, Audiovisual, Culture Executive Agency, European Commission (EACEA). (February- November 2016). https://ec.europa.eu/sport/sites/sport/files/gender-based-violence-sport-study-2016_en.pdf
  • Martín, M. & Juncà, A. (2014). L’Assetjament sexual a l’esport; el cas de les estudiants del grau de Ciències de l’Activitat Física i l’Esport a Catalunya. Apunts Educació Física, 115, 72- 81. http://www.raco.cat/index.php/ApuntsEFE/article/view/276023
  • Martín, M. (2014). Child protection and welfare in Spanish sport. In Mike Hartill & Mel Lang (eds.). Child Protection and Abuse in Sport: International Perspective in research, Policy and Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 68-77. https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/10790782
  • Participation in a 'Preparatory Action in the field of Sport,' Prevention of sexualized violence in Sports. Impulses for an open secure and sound sporting environment in Europe. Granted by the Education, Audiovisual, Culture Executive Agency, European Commission (EACEA). Leadership: German Sport’s Youth. (February 2012 – February 2013). https://www.eusa.eu/news?WCZ7QYX0
  • Organisation of the first seminar on preventing sexual abuse towards children in sport jointly with the Sport High Council of Spain (June 2013). http://www.csd.gob.es/csd/salud/cursos-jornadas-y-seminarios/seminario-sobre-prevencion-del-abuso-sexual-infantil-en-el-deporte
  • Martín, M. (2011). Don’t be mistaken – This does concern you! Qualitative Inquiry, 17(9), 864-874. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1077800411423203

Maria PAPAEFSTATHIOU

Advisor, Ministry of Education and Culture, independent researcher, Cyprus

 

I am a sport sociologist with a specialisation in child welfare and protection in sport. I currently work as an advisor at the School Violence Intervention Team at the Ministry of Education and Culture of Cyprus (MoEC) and as an independent researcher. My research utilises qualitative methods to explore the areas of athlete welfare, gender-based violence in sport, child (athlete) agency and “disaffected” youth. I have been involved in European Commission studies, on sexualised violence (2012-2013) and on gender-based violence in sport (2015-2016), and since 2010 I have been publishing research articles across these areas.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Research projects:
    • Research Expert: “Gender-based Violence in Sport” (Yellow Window - Belgium) European Commission funded
    • Research Expert: “Prevention of Sexualised Violence in Sport Impulses for an open, secure, and sound sporting environment in Europe” German Sport Youth Organisation in the German Olympic Sport Confederation
  • Publications: 
    • Papaefstathiou, M., Rhind, D. & Brackenridge, C. (2013). Child protection in ballet: Experiences and views of teachers, administrators and ballet students. Child Abuse Review, 22(2): 127-141
    • Papaefstathiou, M. (2015). ‘It’s not what you see, it’s how it feels’: Touch in the tactile context of Cypriot track and field sport, in Piper, H. (ed) Touch in Sports Coaching and Physical Education: Fear, Risk, and Moral Panic, (pp. 85-101), London, Routledge
    • Chroni, S & Papaefstathiou, M. (2015). Safeguarding, Child Protection and Welfare in Sport in two Southern European Countries: Greece and the Republic of Cyprus, in Lang, M. & Hartill, M. (eds) Safeguarding, Child Protection and Abuse in Sport: International Perspectives in Research, Policy and Practice, (pp. 58-67), London, Routledge
    • Chroni, S., Fasting, K., Harthill, M. J., Knorre, N., Martìn Harcajo, M., Papaefstathiou, M., Rhind, D., Rulofs, B., Toftegaard Støckel, J., Vertommen, T., & Zurc. J. (2012). Prevention of sexual and gender harassment and abuse in sports: Initiatives in Europe and beyond. Frankfurt, Germany: Deutsche Sportjugend im Deutschen Olympischen Sportbund e.V
    • Papaefstathiou, M. (2015): ‘It’s not what you see, it’s how it feels: An ethnographic case study on meanings of child-athlete welfare in Cypriot sport’. University of East Anglia. Norwich – UK (PhD Thesis)

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Daniel RHIND

Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology, Brunel University, London, United Kingdom

 

I am a Chartered Psychologist and a Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology. I have been researching issues related to sexual violence in sport for 12 years. My research focuses on understanding the development and maintenance of (un)healthy and (in)effective relationships in sport. I have published 3 editted books and over 40 peer reviewed journal papers relevant to abuse in sport. I make regular contributions to national and international media on issues related to safeguarding in sport, including in relation to the recent sexual abuse cases in Football.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport


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Publications can be viewed at:

http://www.brunel.ac.uk/people/daniel-rhind

http://www.brunel.ac.uk/people/daniel-rhind

http://www.brunel.ac.uk/environment/themes/welfare-health-wellbeing/research-projects/developing-the-international-safeguards-for-children-in-sport

Francisco Javier ROMEO BIEDMA

Consultant in Child Protection and Child Affectivity, Espirales Consultoría de Infancia, S.L., Spain

 

I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist in Spain (level 7 of the European Qualifications Framework, equivalent to a Master’s Degree) and a Certified Focusing-Oriented Psychotherapist by The International Focusing Institute (New York). I also hold a Degree in Linguistics, a Master in Management of Educational Centres (MA-MBA) and I am licensed as a Social Educator.

With more than sixteen years of experience, I have worked as an educator in Morocco and Mauritania, as an intercultural mediator and clinical psychologist with at-risk youth in Spain and as a consultant for public and private institutions in Spain, Morocco, Tunisia and Latin America. I co-founded Espirales Consultoría de Infancia in 2009 and since then I have been a consultant in Child Protection, Affectivity and interpersonal communication. I have developed and delivered trainings on International Cooperation, child protection and interpersonal communication in Spanish, English, French and Moroccan Arabic.

The work of Espirales Consultoría de Infancia, S.L., involves research, but also the training of professionals, families and general public, supervision of cases and consulting for public and private organisations and sometimes private therapy and attention to victims and their families.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Currently co-ordinating the preparation of materials on prevention and detection of child sexual abuse in sports for the Spanish National Sports Council. It has involved a series of interviews with key informants and it will include direct training for sports professionals during 2017
  • Consultant and trainer for the campaign “One in Five” of the Council of Europe in Spain, including co-authoring a didactic guide for educators on child sexual abuse prevention in kindergarten (ages 3 to 7): Horno, P., and Romeo, F.J. (2011). La Regla de Kiko. Guía Didáctica para educadores. Madrid: FAPMI and the Council of Europe. http://www.fapmi.es/imagenes/subsecciones1/CE_2011_Guia%20Did%C3%A1ctica_DEF2.pdf
  • Consultant and trainer on child protection, especially against child sexual abuse, for public and private institutions since 2009

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Twitter for Conexión Más Auténtica

 www.conexionmasautentica.es

http://www.espiralesci.es/quienes-somos/f-javier-romeo

Bettina RULOFS

Senior lecturer at the German Sport University, Institute of Sociology and Gender Studies, Germany

 

My main areas of research are gender studies, social inequality, child protection, prevention of violence and diversity-management in sport. Since 2010, I am  a member of the National Working Group on Child Protection in Sport. I am currently leading the research project »Safe Sport« in Germany, which is funded by the German Ministry of Science & Education, and focuses on child protection and the prevention of sexual violence in organised sport. I am also leading the EU-funded project VOICE, which focuses on the reports of those who have been affected by sexual violence in sport. From 2013-2015, I  was involved in the EU-funded project “Sport respects your rights”.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport


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Jan TOFTEGAARD STØCKEL

Assistant professor, Institute of sport and biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark

 

Since 1997, I have been investigating a range of aspects about sexual harassment and abuse within commercial, private and voluntary sport settings and performed comprehensive studies among Danish sport clubs regarding their knowledge, attitudes and experiences with sexual abuse topics, a retrospective study regarding attitudes and experiences of quality of life threats to wellbeing in sport, a criminalistics study holding 150 cases in sport and related areas. Since 2006, I have taken part in the planning and/or execution of a range of European collaboration projects and conferences regarding the prevention of sexual abuse in sport.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • PhD dissertation: the illusion of sport intimacy – a comprehensive study of sexual abuse of children in sport
  • Supervision/guidance: Helping students to perform a study about the use of the childrens certificate, report was passed to the parliament.
  • Research project: Study on athlete wellbeing in organised sport
  • European study on gender based violence on behalf of the European commission (Yellow Window)
  • International collaboration through:
    • Prevention of sexual and gender harassment and abuse in sports -Initiatives in Europe and beyond (DSJ-Engso Youth)
    • Safeguarding youth sport (ICES)
    • Voices for truth and dignity – prevention of sexual violence in sport (DSH-Cologn)

Tine VERTOMMEN

Researcher, Thomas More University of Applied Sciences & University of Antwerp, Belgium

Member of the PSS+ expert group

 

I hold a MA in Ethics and a MSc in Criminology. I am currently a researcher at the Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute (CAPRI), University of Antwerp and at the Thomas More University College, Belgium. I teach the ‘Methods in psychological research’ course in the undergraduate Applied Psychology program. In November 2017, I finished my PhD on interpersonal violence against child athletes (University of Antwerp). I was involved as a core team researcher in the European study on gender-based violence in sport and currently lead the Belgian partnership in the European VOICE project in which survivor narratives of sexual violence are collected and analyzed to improve prevention initiatives. As a board member of the International Center Ethics in Sport, I am involved in the development and implementation of prevention policies to create a safer sports environment in Flanders, Belgium.


Main achievements in the field of sexual violence (towards children) in sport

  • Projects
  • Main publications
    • Vertommen, T., Kampen, J., Schipper-van Veldhoven, N., Wouters, K., Uzieblo, K., & Van Den Eede, F. (2017). Profiling perpetrators of interpersonal violence against children in sport based on a victim survey. Child Abuse & Neglect, 63, 172–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.11.029
    • Vertommen, T., Schipper-van Veldhoven, N., Wouters, K., Kampen, J. K., Brackenridge, C. H., Rhind, D. J. A., Neels, K., & Van Den Eede, F. (2016). Interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 51, 223–236
    • Mergaert, L., Arnaut, C., Vertommen, T., & Lang, M. (2016). Study on gender-based violence in sport. Brussels: European Commission.
    • Vertommen, T., Toftegaard-Stoeckel, J., Vandevivere, L., Van Den Eede, F., & De Martelaer, K. (2016). A green flag for the Flag System? Towards a child protection policy in Flemish sport. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 8(1), 15–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2014.947305
    • Vertommen, T., Schipper-van Veldhoven, N., Hartill, M. J., & Van Den Eede, F. (2015). Sexual harassment and abuse in sport: The NOC*NSF helpline. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 50(7), 822–839. https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690213498079

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