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Calarasi county

Communities: Calarasi, Soldanu, Curcani, Budesti, Vasilati, Galbinasi, Nana, Frumusani, Oltenita, Chiselet, Dor Marunt, Manastirea, Mitreni, Sarulesti, Ulmeni

Office space of the Calarasi Municipality in the Church’s yard

  • Consultation hours: 09:00 - 17:00
  • Telephone number: 0762314869

 

Bucharest

Communities: Bora and “500% neighborhood" in Slobozia, Fetesti, Bordusani, Tandarei, Urziceni, Ograda, Traian, Cazanesti, Andrasesti, Sinesti

Multifunctional Center of the Bora Municipality, Slobozia

  • Consultation hours: 09:00 - 17:00
  • Telephone number:
Country profile Country profile
Size, composition and historical presence of the Roma communities

 

Roma is one of the 18 recognised national minorities in Romania. According to the Romanian National Population Census from 2011, only 621,573 persons out of a total population of 20,121,641 declared themselves as being Roma, i.e. 3.08 % of the total population. It should be noted that the number of self-declared Roma increased compared to the previous censuses from 2001 (535,140) and 1992 (401,087).

During the thematic visit on early/child and forced marriages within Roma communities (Bucharest, 27-29 April 2015), the National Agency for Roma (NAR) gave an estimate of 1.5 to 2 million Roma living in Romania which is in line with the Council of Europe’s current estimate of 1.8 million therefore close to 9% of the total population. Romania has the second highest number of Roma population in Council of Europe’s member States, after Turkey, and the highest number among European Union Member States.

According to the National Agency for Roma, and based on the population census results, out of the self-declared approximate 620,000 Roma living in Romania, 230,000 are living in urban areas and 390,000 in rural areas. About one third of the self-declared Roma population in Romania (244,000) speaks the Romani language.

Not all of them are identifying themselves as Roma, depending on the preservation of traditions; some of them are identifying themselves as Gypsies (mainly those which do not speak the Romani language as their mother tongue), or only by the denomination of the sub-group.

Sub-group affiliation is not unanimous: according to a research conducted in Romania in 2008, 56% of the Roma respondents did not identify with a sub-group, whilst 44% of the Roma respondents also identified with a sub-group. From those respondents who also identify themselves as belonging to Roma sub-groups, one obtains the following distribution in Romania: Vătraşi (13.8%), Căldărari/Kikavara (5.9%), Rudari (4.5%), Spoitori (3.7%), Mătăsari (3.2%), Ursari (2.7%), Cărămidari (1.5%), Gabori (1.4%), Florari/Boldeni (1.2%) - (source: http://www.natgeo.ro/locuri-si-oameni/comunitati/9165-neamuri-tiganesti).

Other known Roma sub-groups are Lăutari, Argintari, Lăieși, Cocalari, Horahai/Xoraxaj (Muslim Roma, often confused with Spoitori), Ciurari, Cortorari/Zavragii, Geambaşi, Lingurari and Rostaş.  Depending on the author, the number of Roma sub-groups varies between 20 and 30, quite often the same sub-group carrying on several denominations.

 

Source: CAHROM thematic report on child/early and forced marriages within Roma communities (adopted in April 2016)

NATIONAL CO-ORDINATOR NATIONAL CO-ORDINATOR
  • Mr Marian MANDACHE
LAWYERS LAWYERS

Călăraşi

  • Mr Augustin RADUCANU

Bucharest

  • Mr Stanica TABA
Legal Assistants Legal Assistants

Călăraşi

  • Mr Aurel PANDELEA

Bucharest

  • Mr Vasile GILBEA
facilitators facilitators

Călăraşi

  • Mr Danut STANCIU

Bucharest

  • Ms Florina-Alexandra MIHAI