The Quick Response Mechanism (QRM)
The QRM is a Partnership for Good Governance tool, by which the European Commission for Democracy through Law (better known as the Venice Commission) may provide ad-hoc legal advice to respond to requests for legislative analysis and related assistance from the concerned countries or the European Commission.
Geographically, the QRM covers Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and Belarus. Its scope of work includes all the issues falling within the area of competence of the Venice Commission, in particular:
- democratic institutions and fundamental rights;
- elections, referendums and political parties;
- constitutional and ordinary justice.
Some recent examples of the use of the QRM include opinions by the Venice Commission for cases in Armenia, Georgia, and the Republic of Moldova:
- Armenia - Opinion was submitted on the constitutional implications of the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention). The Minister of Justice of Armenia requested the Venice Commission to provide an opinion on the constitutional implications of the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention) for Armenia.
- Georgia - Opinion on the concept of the legislative amendments to the Criminal procedure code concerning the relationship between the prosecution and the investigators, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 118th Plenary Session (Venice, 15-16 March 2019).
- Georgia - Urgent Opinion on the selection and appointment of Supreme Court judges, endorsed by the Venice Commission at its 119th Plenary (Venice, 21-22 June 2019).
- Republic of Moldova - Opinion on the constitutional situation with particular reference to the possibility of dissolving parliament, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 119th Plenary Session (Venice, 21-22 June 2019).