Revision of “Finalisation of Transitional Ownership Processes in Albania"

Tirana 22 November 2019
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Revision of “Finalisation of Transitional Ownership Processes in Albania

In Albania the preparation of the new Draft Law “On the Finalisation of Transitional Ownership Processes”, is continuing, in a process of consultations with different actors and stakeholders. The working group engaged in the preparation of this Draft Law was gathered to discuss the first integrated version of the Draft Law, with the participation of three Council of Europe experts, who attended the discussions and shared with the members of the working group important assessments on the conformity of the revised version with the recommendoations provided by the Opinion from Venice Commission on 14 October 2019. 

The Draft Law aims to provide effective legal instruments for resolving a remaining set of problems related to property rights on immovable properties and registration issues, which have dominated the country’s socio-economic development for three decades. The role of the Council of Europe experts in the revision process is to address the issues of compatibility of the Draft Law with Article 1 of the First Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights and other provisions as well as with the Albanian Constitution.

The EU and Council of Europe joint Action “Supporting enforcement of judicial decisions and facilitating execution of the ECtHR judgments”, part of the Horizontal Facility for the Western Balkans and Turkey, is assisting Albanian authorities in preparing this Draft Law, which should be adopted by the end of 2019 and will contribute in the finalisation of transitional ownership processes in Albania in a defined period of time, in line with the European standards. 

What is the Horizontal Facility II?

The European Union/Council of Europe Horizontal Facility for the Western Balkans and Turkey (Horizontal Facility II) 2019-2022 is a co-operation initiative of the European Union and Council of Europe for the Western Balkans and Turkey. It is one of the results of the Statement of Intent signed on 1 April 2014 by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe and the European Union Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy, in which both Organisations agreed to further strengthen their co-operation in key areas of joint interest.

The first phase of the programme included various Beneficiary-specific and regional initiatives and ran from 2016 to 2019. The second phase of the programme (worth €41 million between 2019 and 2022) keeps building on the results of the phase I and broadens the thematic areas to new topics crucial for the Western Balkans region and Turkey – freedom of expression and media.

The second phase of the programme covers Actions in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo*, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia as well as Turkey and the regional dimension of the programme is strengthened. The Expertise Co-ordination Mechanism that provides legislative expertise and policy advice within the Council of Europe system remains an important part of the programme available to all Beneficiaries.


How long will the Horizontal Facility II last?

The Horizontal Facility is a three-year programme, which is being implemented by the Council of Europe from May 2019 over a period of 36 months. 


How much will the Horizontal Facility II cost?

The envelope of this facility amounts to ca. 41 Million EUR (85% funded by the EU, 15% by the CoE).


What will the Horizontal Facility II do?

The Horizontal Facility enables the Beneficiaries to meet their reform agendas in the fields of human rights, rule of law and democracy and to comply with the European standards, including where relevant within the framework of the EU enlargement process. The Horizontal Facility relies on the Council of Europe’s unique working methods, whereby tailor-made technical co-operation activities are based on conclusions and recommendations of the Council of Europe’s monitoring bodies highlight areas where improvements are needed in legislation and policies of the Beneficiaries to comply with the Organisation’s treaties and other standards.

Themes covered by the Horizontal Facility include:

  • Ensuring justice;
  • Fighting economic crime;
  • Combating discrimination and protecting the rights of vulnerable groups (including LGBTI, minorities and Roma) and
  • Freedom of expression and freedom of the media.

All the themes are key priorities of the two Organisations in the Western Balkans region and Turkey.

All Horizontal Facility actions address cross-cutting issues such as gender mainstreaming, protection of minorities and vulnerable groups and foresees the engagement of civil society organisations in the implementation of the Horizontal Facility.

This website has been produced using funds of a Joint Project between the European Union and the Council of Europe. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union or the Council of Europe.

*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.