Glossary on youth
- Learning Mobility
Learning mobility is mainly defined as a trans-national mobility for a predefined period of time, with clear educational purposes aiming at offering the individual to get new competencies, knowledge, skills and attitudes within a different, international learning context. The learning mobility could be implemented both in formal and nonformal settings.
REF: Council of Europe, European Platform on Learning Mobility.
See also: Competences; formal education; formal learning; knowledge; mobility; nonformal education; nonformal learning; skill
- Learning Objectives
Learning objectives describe the desired outcomes in terms of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that individuals are to acquire at the end of the learning process. The learning objectives are also related to the performance of the individual within the learning opportunity structured. Most of the times, the learning objectives are defined so that they can be measured, the measurement being different within learning processes based on different educational approaches (exams in the formal systems, different evaluation methodologies in the nonformal settings).
REF: Teaching Effectiveness Program, What are Learning Objectives?
See also: Educational evaluation; evaluation; formal education; formal learning; informal learning; knowledge; skill; nonformal education; nonformal learning
The term ‘lesbian’ is used to describe a woman who has an emotional and/or sexual attraction for other women. The term ‘lesbian’ is associated exclusively with women and comes from the name of the Greek island Lesbos. The prominent Greek poetess Sappho lived there in the 7th Century BC and was famous for her passionate poems dedicated to other women. The term ‘lesbian’ has been used in English since the 19th Century.
Some women who are attracted to other women may feel that the term ‘lesbian’ does not fit who they are. They may identify as gay, queer, or have a personal definition of their orientation. The term gay is now regarded as a generic term for lesbian and gay sexuality.
Women may experience erotic and romantic feelings for both their own and the opposite sex. Such people are often called bisexual.
For more information on sexual orientation visit the American Psychological Association
See also: Bi-Sexual; gay; homophobia; homosexual; lesbian; LGBTQI; queer; sexual orientation
LGBTQI is a common abbreviation for Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, Transgender, Queer and Intersex people.
For further information about each of these terms please see the relevant section.
REF: Combating discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity.
See also: Bi-sexual; gay; homophobia; homosexual; intersex; lesbian; transgender; queer; sexual orientation
- Lifelong Learning
The European Commission has defined lifelong learning in its Communication Making a European Area of Lifelong Learning a Reality as: 'all learning activity undertaken throughout life, with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competences within a personal, civic, social and/or employment-related perspective’.
The key features of lifelong learning include the principles that learning (1) is an integral part of life from cradle to grave, (2) should be accessible to all in the forms, at the times, at the stages and in the places people want and need to learn, and (3) takes place across the continuum of informal, nonformal and formal education and training in all spheres of life.
Putting lifelong learning into practice obviously requires innovation in teaching and learning methods, including much greater development of open and distance learning, together with blended learning and virtual learning resources. The shift also implies introducing much more flexibility and permeability within and between education tracks, pathways and institutions, which in turn creates the demand for new ways of making learning processes and outcomes more visible and for new forms of recognition and certification.
REF: European Commission: Communication from the Commission, COM(2001) 678: 21.11.2001 - Making a European Area of Lifelong Learning a Reality.
See also: Accreditation; certificates; certification; Competence; European Commission; formal learning; informal learning; knowledge; nonformal learning; recognition; skill; training
Lobby refers to the act of trying to influence the decision making process of public bodies and of the attempt of the civil society sector or different private actors of influencing the public agenda. Considering the fact that within the lobby processes the causes are not always generally accepted, when it comes to the ethical dimension of the lobby processes, they could be defined as ethically dual-edged.
REF: Smucker, B. (1999): The Nonprofit Lobbying Guide Second Edition.
See also: Civil society
- Long Term Unemployment
Long term unemployment is defined as referring to people who have been unemployed for twelve months or more. Lower duration limits (e.g. six months or more) are sometimes considered in national statistics on the subject.
Unemployment is defined in all OECD countries in accordance with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by national labour force surveys and refers to persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
Rates of long term unemployment are generally lower in countries that have enjoyed high GDP growth rates in recent years. Lower rates of long term unemployment may also occur at the onset of an economic downturn due to rising inflow of newly unemployed persons, as witnessed during the first years of the current jobs crisis. Subsequently, long term unemployment may gradually begin to unfold in cases of prolonged crisis as is currently the case in a number of OECD countries.
REF: OECD iLibrary
See also: unemployed
The exhaustive lifelong learning programme glossary provides definitions of terminology used within the context of this programme (European Commission Directorate General for Education and Culture)
This glossary contains 233 terms relating to European integration and the institutions and activities of the EU. The definitions explain how the individual terms have evolved and provide references to the Treaties, if necessary. Historical background, how the institutions work, what the procedures are, what areas are covered by a Community policy - the answers to these questions and many others can be found by following these links. The definitions are available in the eleven languages which were the official languages of the European Union before 1 May 2004 (Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish). The official languages of the new Member States (Bulgarian, Czech, Estonian, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Romanian, Slovenian and Slovak) will be added as and when resources allow.
Cedefop's new glossary of terms on quality in education and training is meant to promote communication and understanding between countries. It is intended for all stakeholders in education and VET, researchers; experts; those involved in improving learning curricula; and education and training providers. The glossary takes into account recent EU policy developments, including the creation of the European qualifications framework for lifelong learning (EQF) and the development of a European credit system for vocational education and training (ECVET).
This is a Glossary focusing on terms used in the context of European youth work. It is divided into 3 main categories :
- Training terminology
- Youth in Action Programme Jargon
- European Institutions and Structures
The UP2YOUTH-Glossary clarifies core concepts of the Up 2 Youth research project and is complementary to our own glossary . It informs on their origin, their use and the way they relate to one another. It has to be regarded as work-in-progress, and reflects the state of dicussions in this project.
The Juvenile Justice Glossary has been developed by the Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ), a coordination group mandated by the United Nations Economic Social Council (ECOSOC). The IPJJ works to change the situation of the estimated 1.1 million children who are deprived of their liberty worldwide (UNICEF, 2008), by facilitating and enhancing the coordination of technical assistance in juvenile justice reform.
GLOSSARIES IN OTHER LANGUAGES
- German Youth Institute
The section Wissen A-Z provides in depth explanations of some concepts with relevance to youth policy and youth research (in German only)
- LAGO (in German only)
The glossary of the Working Group on Open Youth formation of Baden-Württemberg (Landesarbeitsgemeinschaft Offene Jugendbildung Baden-Wütrttemberg) explains concepts used within the field of youth work and non-formal learning in Germany.
- Europasprecht (in German only)
This glossary explains concepts and terminology used by the European Institutions especially in the European Youth field.
- Glossar zentraler Begrifflichkeiten Interkulturalität (in German only)
A glossary of intercultural concepts provided by the Institut für Interkulturelle Kompetenz und Didaktik e.V. (IIKD).
- Informations- und Dokumentationszentrum für Antirassismusarbeit e.V. (in German only)
The glossary of the Centre for Information and documentation of work against racism explains concepts and terminology linked to racism, right wing extremism, intercultural perspectives and migration processes in their relation to young people with and without migration background in Germany.
- Aulaintercultural (in Spanish only)
A glossary of intercultural learning concepts provided by the intercultural education website Aula.
- Interculturaliseren (in Flemish only)
A glossary of intercultural concepts provided by the Flemsih Departement of Culture, Youth, Sport and Media
If you wish to suggest other glossaries,
feel free to e-mail us your suggestions : firstname.lastname@example.org