The CoE-EU Eastern Partnership Facility helped to provide support to enhance the reform processes in the six partner countries through a multilateral approach and brought EaP partner countries closer to the Council of Europe and EU standards and practice in the field of judicial reform, elections, the fight against corruption and cybercrime.
The Facility supported the EaP countries’ reforms by providing:
- a framework for capacity development and training;
- technical assistance and advice for sustaining on going reforms.
- a platform for the exchange of ideas and expertise among participating countries;
The Facility enhanced domestic judicial reform and improved electoral standards and reinforced the fight against corruption and cybercrime by encouraging in particular the sharing of ideas and expertise at regional level. It also provided a framework for multilateral activities, such as capacity development and training.
- revised legal framework and supported to apply new legislation in line with European standards;
- strengthened judiciary and electoral reforms against corruption and cybercrime;
- established national and regional co-operation and a national unit on cybercrime;
- involved civil society in making decisions and reinforced a regional network of non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
During the operational period, 96 actions were conducted in the framework of the CoE Facility in the following areas: promoting judicial reform (15); supporting good governance and combating corruption (29); fighting cybercrime (25); enhancing electoral standards (19); and maintaining Facility co-ordination (8).
Project 1: Supporting electoral standards
The Facility supported partner countries in the areas of pre-electoral assistance, professionalism of election observers, women’s participation in political and public life, raising young voter awareness, establishment of voters’ lists and registers, settlement of electoral disputes, which ensured interaction between electoral management bodies.
- improved electoral process organisation;
- reinforced the roles of the Central Election Commissions and electoral administrations;
- strengthened NGOs involved in observing elections by improving the professionalism of local observers;
- created a network promoting voter participation and critical attitudes toward campaigns and the electoral process.
More information can be found on the electoral standards project page
Project 2: Enhancing judicial reform
The Facility supported judicial reform by promoting best practices amongst the judiciary in EaP countries. For example, Georgia and the Republic of Moldova moved closer to Council of Europe standards by amending their legislation on judicial self-governing bodies and judges’ status and training.
- analysed legislation and practices of independent, professional and efficient judiciaries;
- addressed deficiencies in each participating country;
- created a regional network of judicial and legal professionals;
- prepared four reports on the following topics;
- the independence of the judiciary and individual judges;
- the role of the bar, access to the legal profession, lawyer training and ethical standards, and disciplinary proceedings against lawyers;
- initial and on going training for judges;
- the efficiency and performance of the judicial system.
More information can be found the enhancing judicial reform project page.
Project 3: Support measures against serious forms of cybercrime
The Facility helped criminal justice authorities fight cybercrime and bring partner countries in line with European and international instruments and practices, including the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime.
The partner countries:
- defined priorities in the fight against cybercrime;
- assessed strategies for cybercrime prevention and criminal justice;
- prioritised activities to ensure a comprehensive response to cybercrime and other offences involving electronic evidence;
- participated more actively in anti-cybercrime efforts.
- provided tools to combat cybercrime and gave advice on strengthening the legal framework;
- assessed legal provisions for compliance with international standards, in particular the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime;
- identified legislative deficiencies and encouraged partner countries to undertake reforms;
- discussed legislation, public and private information sharing and analysis, obstacles to effective investigation (such as criminal money flows on the Internet), co-operation between law enforcement and Internet service providers, and the use of specialised high-tech crime units;
- improved international co-operation and efficiency of 24/7 points of contact in all partner countries, as they are parties to the Budapest Convention.
More information can be found on the cybercrime project page
Project 4: Good governance and the fight against corruption
The Facility supported good governance and reinforced the public administration and criminal justice sectors in the fight against corruption.
- developed anti-corruption policy and strategy;
- published an anti-corruption policy handbook;
- reviewed money-laundering cases in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine;
- provided expertise for the National Action Plan (Pilot Azerbaijan);
- provided expertise for the Anti-Corruption State Programme (Pilot Ukraine);
- developed e-governance methodology (Pilot Azerbaijan);
- assessed a political finance draft law and prepared it for submission to Parliament (Pilot Republic of Moldova);
- assessed corruption risks and drafted a risk assessment typology study;
- developed training manuals on economic crime and legal personnel liability;
- drafted a manual on verifying asset declarations;
- drafted training materials and trained ethics instructors;
- trained civil servants on prevention of corruption (including for Belarus).
More information can be found on the good governance and fight against corruption project page.